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Thread: Intestinal Parasites.

  1. #1
    Cavy Star, Photo Contest Winner MochaAndMoo's Avatar
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    Intestinal Parasites.

    I have realized that due to the rarity and severity, it is very difficult to find Intestinal parasite information as well as treatment when it comes to cavies. Even reputable guinea pig medical records had very little information on the subject, causing me to dig deeper. I made a short list (please feel free to expand on it) containing information on three common intestinal parasites found in guinea pigs.

    Coccidia
    (Binominal: Eimeria caviae)
    Up until recent years, coccidiosis was very rarely seen in guinea pigs. Due to poor environmental conditions, inbreeding and poor hygiene, it has now become widespread. Coccidiasina is a Microscopic, spore-forming, single celled parasite. Coccidian parasites infect the intestinal tract. Being a parasite, they can only survive and reproduce within an animal cell. Once infected the female germ cells (oocytes) sporalate and rapidly duplicate infecting and destroying the animals cells, infected animals need urgent medical attention. It is highly contagious and is passed on through infected feces.
    Symptoms:
    Runny stool/Diarrhea. May be bloody and foul smelling.
    Dehydration
    Sunken eyes
    Loss of appetite
    Rapid weight loss
    Protrusion of the hip bones
    Lethargy
    Death
    Diagnosis: Fecal float, culture, microscopic analysis.
    Treatment: Baycox (Toltrazuril), Albon (Sulfadimethoxine)

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    Cryptosporidium (Binominal: Cryptospordium parvum)
    Cryptosporidium is a protozoal parasite that causes the diarrheal disease cryptosporidiosis. It infects the small intestine, the disease is spread by ingestion of oocytes through feces as well as through contaminated water sources, other animals and contaminated raw food. They are highly resistant to disinfectants due to having an outer shell allowing it to survive outside the body for long periods of time. It is one of the most common causes of water born disease in America.
    Symptoms:
    Runny stool/Diarrhea.
    Lethargy
    Dehydration
    Rapid weight loss.
    Enteritis
    Death
    Diagnosis: Stain analysis.
    Treatment: Unknown.

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    Giardia (Binominal: Giardia intestinalis)
    Giardia is a microscophic parasite that causes the diarreheal illness, giardiasis. Similar to Cryptosporidium, it is resistant to disinfectants due to having an outer shell allowing it to survive outside the body for long periods of time. Giardia is a protazoa that attaches itself to the lining of the intestines often disallowing the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine. Found on surfaces, in soil, food and contaminated water sources. Most often transmitted via water.
    Symptoms:
    Runny stool/Diarrhea. May be foul smelling
    Malnourishment (Metronidazole)
    Nasal Discharge
    Rapid weight loss
    Enteritis
    Unusual eating patterns (May be overeating o
    r undereating)
    Diagnosis: Fecal float, stool analysis.
    Treatment: Pancour (Fendbendazole), Flagyl (Metronidazole)

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    Bibliography:
    http://www.cdc.gov/
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC258518/
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3915748
    http://www.guinealynx.info/


    Last edited by MochaAndMoo; 04-24-14 at 01:24 am.

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  3. #2
    Cavy Star, Photo Contest Winner ThePigAlchemist's Avatar
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    Re: Intestinal Parasites.

    Thanks for digging this up. When I first got Fuery, he fell ill with coccidia, and I realized when I was searching Guinea Lynx to check if the vet was doing the right things that there was woefully little information on it. It was horrible. His symptoms all started very suddenly and if I hadn't gotten him to the vet the next morning, I'm not sure what would have happened to him. Fortunately, it cleared up fairly easily with a combination of Flagyl and Albon.

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    Administrator bpatters's Avatar
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    Re: Intestinal Parasites.

    Good post. I stuck it, so it'll stay at the top of the forum.

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