Guinea Pig Nutrition

 

 

 

 

  ►Adult Guinea Pig nutrition requirements (over 6 months):

  ►Young Guinea Pig nutrition requirements (under 6 months):

  ►The keys to a good diet for your guinea pigs are to:

  ►All foods in 100 gram portions *except where noted*                    

  ►100 grams = approximately 3.6 ounces, measurements are in g-grams, mg-milligrams and

      mcg-micrograms.  All foods raw *except where noted*, n/a= no data available

 

  Groups are divided as follows:

A=Almost Daily

B=Frequently

2-4 times per week

C=Occasionally

1-2 times per week

D=Rarely/Sparingly

1-2 times per month

  Key to charts below:

Cal=Calories

P=Protein

S=Sugars

Ca=Calcium

Ph=Phosphorus

G=Group

  Click on column headings to sort columns, they can be sorted low to high and high to low

  Click on thumbnail image for larger image

Photo

Greens/leafy greens

Cal

P

(g)

S

(g)

Ca

(mg)

Ph

(mg)

Vit. C

(mg)

Vit. A

(mcg)

Oxalic

Acid (mg)

Ca:Ph

ratio

G

Comments

Arugula

25

2.58

2.05

160

52

15

119

n/a

3.0:1

B

 

Basil (25 grams)

7

.64

.07

38

17

4.5

66

n/a

2.2:1

C

 

Beet Greens (leaves)

22

2.20

.50

117

41

30

316

610

2.8:1

D

High in Ca, A and Oxalates

Broccoli leaves

28

2.98

0

48

66

93.2

800

n/a

0.7:1

B

Very high in A, use sparingly

Very gassy

Cilantro (25 grams)

6

.53

.22

17

12

6.8

84

 02.5

1.4:1

A

 

Chard, Swiss

19

1.80

1.10

51

46

30

306

n/a

1.1:1

A

 Also called silverbeet

Chicory greens231.700.701004724286n/a2.1:1B 

Collard greens

30

2.45

.46

145

10

35.3

333

450

14.5:1

C

High in Ca, A and oxalates, feed small portions

Cress, garden

32

2.60

4.40

81

76

69

346

n/a

1.0:1

B

 

Dandelion greens

45

2.70

3.85

187

66

35

247

n/a

2.8:1

B

Flowers, root also edible

Dill (25 grams)

11

.86

0

52

16

21.2

96

n/a

3.2:1

C

 

Endive, Belgian (witloof)

 

17

1.25

.25

52

28

6.5

108

110

1.8:1

A

 

Endive, Curly170.90019262.81n/a0.7:1A 

Kale

50

3.30

0

135

56

120

769

020

2.4:1

C

Very high in A, use sparingly

Very gassy

Lettuce, butterhead

13

1.35

.94

35

33

3.7

166

n/a

1.0:1

A

Same for boston & bibb lettuce

Lettuce, romaine or cos

17

1.23

1.19

33

30

24

290

n/a

1.1:1

A

 

Lettuce, green leaf

15

1.36

.78

36

29

18

370

n/a

1.2:1

A

 

Lettuce, red leaf

16

1.33

.48

33

28

3.7

375

n/a

1.1:1

A

 

Mustard greens

26

2.70

1.60

103

43

70

525

n/a

2.4:1

C

 

Parsley (25 grams)

9

.74

.21

34

14

33.2

105

425

2.4:1

B

 

Spinach

23

2.86

.42

99

49

28.1

469

970

2.0:1

C

Very high in A and oxalates

Sweet Potato leaves

35

4.00

0

37

94

11

0

n/a

0.4:1

A

 

Thyme (25 grams)

25

1.39

0

101

26

40

60

n/a

3.9:1

C

 

Turnip greens

32

1.50

.81

190

42

60

0

050

4.5:1

C

 

Watercress

11

2.30

.20

120

60

43

235

310

2.0:1

C

 

 

Photo

Other Veggies

Cal

P

(g)

S

(g)

Ca

(mg)

Ph

(mg)

Vit. C

(mg)

Vit. A

(mcg)

Oxalic

Acid (mg)

Ca:Ph

ratio

G

Comments

Artichoke

47

3.27

0

44

90

11.7

0

n/a

0.5:1

B

 

Asparagus

20

2.20

1.88

24

52

5.6

38

130

0.5:1

C

 

Beans, snap, green

31

1.82

1.40

37

38

16.3

35

360

1.0:1

B

Only feed 1-2 per pig

Beets

43

1.61

6.76

16

40

4.9

2

n/a

0.4:1

C

 

Broccoli

34

2.82

1.70

47

66

89.2

33

190

0.7:1

C

Very gassy, use sparingly

Brussels Sprouts

43

3.38

2.20

42

69

85

38

360

0.6:1

C

Very gassy, use sparingly

Cabbage, green

24

1.44

3.58

47

23

32.2

9

100

2.0:1

B

Very gassy, use sparingly

Cabbage, red

31

1.43

3.91

45

30

57

56

100

1.5:1

B

Very gassy, use sparingly

Cabbage, Savoy

27

2.00

2.27

35

42

31

50

100

0.8:1

B

Very gassy, use sparingly

Cabbage, pak-choi

13

1.50

1.18

105

37

45

223

n/a

2.8:1

C

Very gassy, use sparingly

Carrots, baby (1 med)

4

.06

.48

3

3

.8

69

050

1.0:1

A

1 per pig per day is ok

Cauliflower

25

1.98

2.40

22

44

46.4

1

150

0.5:1

C

Very gassy, use sparingly

Celery

14

.69

1.83

40

24

3.1

22

190

1.7:1

B

Cut into pieces, remove strings

Corn on the cob, (1 med)

77

2.90

2.90

2

80

6.1

9

009

0.3:1

C

Husk/silk can be fed daily

Cucumber, with peel

15

.65

1.67

16

24

2.8

5

020

0.7:1

B

 

Peas, edible-podded

42

2.80

4.00

43

53

60

54

050

0.8:1

B

1-2 pods per pig

Peppers, bell, green

20

.86

2.40

10

20

80.4

18

040

0.5:1

A

 

Peppers, bell, yellow

27

1.00

n/a

11

24

183

10

040

0.5:1

A

 

Peppers, bell, red

26

.99

4.20

7

26

190

157

040

0.3:1

B

High in sugar

Pumpkin, raw

26

1.00

1.36

21

44

9

369

n/a

0.5:1

C

Do not feed seeds

Radicchio

23

1.43

.60

19

40

8

1

n/a

0.5:1

A

 

Radishes, mild

16

.68

2.12

25

20

14.8

0

480

1.3:1

D

High in oxalates

Squash, summer, all

16

1.21

2.20

15

38

17

10

020

0.4:1

B

 

Squash, winter, all

34

.95

2.20

28

23

12.3

68

020

1.2:1

B

 

Sweet Potato

(not  yams)

86

1.57

4.18

30

47

2.4

709

240

0.6:1

D

High in sugar, A and oxalates

Tomatoes, red, ripe

18

.88

2.63

10

24

12.7

42

n/a

0.4:1

B

 

Tomatoes, cherry (1)

3

.15

.45

2

4

2.2

7

n/a

0.5:1

A

1-2 per day is ok

Turnips

28

.90

3.80

30

27

21

0

210

1.1:1

C

High in sugar and oxalates

Yam

(not sweet potato)

118

1.53

.50

17

55

17.1

7

n/a

0.3:1

B

 

Zucchini, with skin

16

1.21

1.73

15

38

17

10

020

0.4:1

A

 

 

Photo

Fruits

Cal

P

(g)

S

(g)

Ca

(mg)

Ph

(mg)

Vit. C

(mg)

Vit. A

(mcg)

Oxalic

Acid (mg)

Ca:Ph

ratio

G

Comments

Apples, with skin  

52

.26

10.39

6

11

4.6

3

n/a

0.5:1

C

High in sugar

Apricot       

48

1.40

9.24

13

23

10

96

n/a

0.6:1

C

 

Banana

89

1.09

12.23

5

22

8.7

3

n/a

0.2:1

D

May constipate, feed in very small amounts

Blackberries (25 grams)

11

.35

1.22

7

6

5.2

3

n/a

1.1:1

B

 

Blueberries (25 grams)

14

.18

2.49

2

3

2.4

1

n/a

0.7:1

B

 

Cherries (25 grams)

16

.27

3.21

3

5

1.8

1

n/a

0.6:1

B

Sweet, Remove pits before feeding

Crabapple

76

.40

0

18

15

8

2

n/a

1.2:1

B

 

Cranberries (25 grams)

12

.10

1.01

2

3

3.3

3

n/a

0.7:1

B

 

Figs, raw (1 medium)

37

.38

8.13

18

7

1

4

n/a

2.6:1

C

High in sugar

Figs, dried, uncooked (1)

21

.28

4.03

14

6

0.1

0

n/a

2.3:1

B

No sugar added, all natural dried

Gooseberries (25 grams)

11

.22

0

6

7

6.9

4

n/a

0.9:1

A

Fine in small quantities

Grapes (25 grams)

17

.18

3.87

2

5

2.7

1

n/a

0.4:1

B

Red or green, seedless

Kiwi

61

1.14

8.99

34

34

92.7

4

n/a

1.0:1

C

High in sugar

Mango

65

.51

14.80

10

11

27.7

38

n/a

0.9:1

C

Very high in sugar

Melon, Cantaloupe

34

.84

7.86

9

15

36.7

169

n/a

0.6:1

C

High in sugar

Melon, Honeydew

36

.54

8.12

6

11

18

3

n/a

0.6:1

C

High in sugar

Oranges, all varieties

47

.94

9.35

40

14

53.2

11

n/a

2.9:1

C

High in sugar

Orange peel (25 grams)

24

.38

0

40

5

34

5

n/a

8.0:1

B

 

Papaya

39

.61

5.90

24

5

61.8

55

n/a

4.8:1

C

 

Peach

39

.91

8.39

6

20

6.6

16

n/a

0.3:1

C

High in sugar

Pear

58

.38

9.80

9

11

4.2

1

n/a

0.8:1

C

High in sugar

Pear, Asian

42

.50

7.05

4

11

3.8

0

n/a

0.4:1

C

High in sugar

Pineapple

48

.54

9.26

13

8

36.2

3

n/a

1.6:1

C

High in sugar, all varieties, raw

Plum

46

.70

9.92

6

16

9.5

17

n/a

0.3:1

C

High in sugar

Raisins, seedless, (10)

16

.16

3.08

3

5

0.1

0

n/a

0.6:1

D

Most boxed raisins contain added sugars and preservatives

Raspberries (25 grams)

13

.30

1.10

6

7

6.5

0

n/a

0.9:1

A

 

Strawberries (5 small)

11

.23

1.63

6

8

20.6

0

n/a

0.8:1

A

 

Watermelon

30

.61

6.20

7

11

8.1

28

n/a

0.6:1

C

Rind is edible

  Data for these charts came from: USDA website

 

  Forages, if and when available, are great to include in your guinea pigs diet.  All forages must be

  free of chemicals/pesticides and free from other animal feces/urine.  Beware of any plants that may  

  be poisonous.  If you are unsure if it is safe, donít feed it.  Click on photo to see larger image.

Photo

Forages can include but not limited to:

 

Comments:

Photo

Forages can include but not limited to:

 

Comments:

Grass/wheatgrass

Wheatgrass is also known as cat grass

Silverweed

 

Clover, white

Clover, red

Can feed either variety

Common Yarrow

 

Corn husk/silks

Only feed outer leaves of husk if organic

Vetch

 

Plantain, wide leaf

Young plants are best/less bitter, narrow leaf is edible

Stinging Nettle

 

Cleavers/Stickyweed

 

Fennel

 

Chickweed

 

Raspberry leaves

The underside is silvery in color

  A special thanks to Ly&Pigs for making the nutrition page!
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